A joint study released by the Employee Benefit Research Institute (EBRI) and the Investment Company Institute (ICI) shows on average, at year-end 2011, 61% of 401(k) participants’ assets was invested in equity securities through equity funds, the equity portion of balanced funds and company stock. Thirty-four percent was in fixed-income securities such as stable-value investments and bond and money funds.
Target-date funds (TDFs) are playing an increasingly important role in the diversification of investments, with 72% of 401(k) plans offering target-date funds in their investment lineup at year-end 2011, compared with 70% at year-end 2010 and 57% at year-end 2006. At year-end 2011, 13% of the assets in the EBRI/ICI 401(k) database were invested in target-date funds, up from 11% in 2010 and 5% in 2006. In addition, 39% of 401(k) participants held target-date funds at year-end 2011, compared with 36% in 2010 and 19% in 2006.
The study also finds more new or recent hires invested their 401(k) assets in balanced funds, including target-date funds. Fifty-one percent of the account balances of recently hired participants in their 20s were invested in balanced funds at year-end 2011, up from 44% in 2010 and 24% in 2006. At year-end 2011, 40% of the account balances of recently hired participants in their 20s was invested in target-date funds, compared with 35% in 2010 and 16% in 2006.
- At year-end 2011, 21% of all 401(k) participants who were eligible for loans had loans outstanding against their 401(k) accounts, unchanged from year-end 2009 and year-end 2010. Loans outstanding amounted to 14% of the remaining account balance, on average, at year-end 2011, unchanged from year-end 2010. Loan amounts outstanding increased slightly from those at year-end 2010.
- At year-end 2011, the average 401(k) participant account balance was $58,991 and the median (mid-point) account balance was $16,649, with wide variation reflecting the many variables in retirement saving, including participant age, tenure, salary, contribution behavior, rollovers from other plans, asset allocation, withdrawals, loan activity and employer contribution rates.
The full analysis, “401(k) Plan Asset Allocation, Account Balances and Loan Activity in 2011,” is being published in the December 2012 EBRI Issue Brief and ICI Research Perspective, online at www.ebri.org and www.ici.org/research/perspective.