The Center for Retirement Research at Boston College (CRR) used the National Retirement Risk Index (NRRI), which measures the share of American households “at risk” of being unable to maintain their pre-retirement standard of living in retirement, to determine at what age the vast majority of Americans would be able to retire. The analysis found more than 85% of households would be prepared to retire by age 70.
Nearly half of households are prepared for retirement at age 65, the traditional baseline assumption used in the NRRI. About one-quarter of households have to work just one to three years beyond age 65, and a portion of this increase would be offset by rising longevity over the next two decades. Only 9% have to work an additional seven years or more.
The paper explained that the steep improvement in retirement readiness from ages 62 through 70 and the leveling off thereafter reflect the importance of Social Security and the pattern of its benefit payments. Social Security benefits increase by about 8% per year between ages 62 and 70, due to the actuarial adjustment before the full retirement age of 66 and the delayed retirement credit between 66 and 70.
The researchers also noted that younger households tend to be less prepared for three main reasons: they are expected to live longer, which means they will need additional assets to cover a longer retirement period; Social Security replacement rates tend to be slightly lower for younger households because they face a higher full retirement age; and fewer younger households will be covered by defined benefit pension plans.
Today’s workers may need to work longer than their parents, but they are also healthier, better educated, generally have less physically demanding jobs, and can expect to live longer, the report pointed out. “In short, working longer is feasible for most households, and it does not mean working forever,” the researchers concluded. The report can be downloaded from here.