Representative Rob Andrews (D-NJ) introduced the bill, the Employee Benefits Eligibility Fairness Act of 2000 ( HR 4962 ) last week.
The bill attempts to ensure that employees are not improperly disqualified from coverage by benefit programs due to a “miscategorization” of their status.
According to the Association of Private Pension and Welfare Plans (APPWP), the bill would require that all workers be covered under an employer’s plans unless the plan sponsor can demonstrate that an exclusion is
- provided on a “uniform basis”;
- based on a “reasonable job classification”; and
- based on “objective criteria.”
In addition, for determining “years of service” and “hours of service” under ERISA, a worker’s service would include all service for the employer if that worker is determined to be a common law employee – regardless of whether the worker is paid through a staffing firm, temporary help firm or other similar firm or is paid by the employer under an independent contractor arrangement.
The legislation is similar to HR 2299, the ERISA Clarification Act of 1999, introduced by Congressman Lane Evans (D-IL) last year.
Senator Edward M. Kennedy (D-MA) is expected to introduce a companion bill in the Senate, although the bill is not expected to pass this year.
A recent General Accounting Office study found that many companies try to “avoid legal responsibility for workers by claiming they are not the employer”, and others misclassify full-time workers to avoid paying them benefits.
Temporary workers accounted for about 2.2% of the nation’s overall work force in 1999, double the level a decade ago, according to the American Staffing Association.