Institutional plans continued to benefit from gains in the domestic and international equity sectors, in addition to smaller gains in fixed income. During second quarter 2014, corporate ERISA plans (i.e., plans governed by the Employee Retirement Income Security Act) performed best among all plans with a return of 4.1%, compared with 2.8% during first quarter 2014.
Northern Trust data also found that public funds netted a gain of 3.9% at the median, an increase of 2% from the first quarter. Foundations and endowments followed with a return of 3.5% at the median in the second quarter, which was more than double the return in the first quarter. Corporate ERISA plans recorded their fourth consecutive quarterly gain, while both public funds, and foundations and endowments generated positive returns for the eighth straight quarters.
The second quarter of 2014 also marked the twenty-first consecutive quarter without two consecutive quarters of negative median returns. Institutional plan sponsors have not experienced two consecutive quarters of negative median returns since the fourth quarter of 2008 and the first quarter of 2009. Over that five-year span, institutional plan sponsors have enjoyed a median return of just more than 12.5%, according to Northern Trust.
“The second quarter saw a sizable uptick in the median gain for all institutional plans,” says Bill Frieske, senior performance consultant, Northern Trust Investment Risk and Analytical Services, based in Chicago. “Strong earnings growth and low interest rates have given additional momentum to equity and bond markets, which have helped plan sponsors to continue their streak of quarterly gains. All asset classes performed well in the second quarter as three month returns suggest annual performance that will exceed long-term expectations.”
Asset allocation per segment during the quarter was as follows:
- Public funds were weighted towards U.S. equity (32.6%) and international equity (22.9%);
- Foundations and endowments were weighted towards private equity (23.1%) and U.S. equity (19.9%); and
- Corporate ERISA plans were weighted towards U.S. fixed income (37.8%) and U.S. equity (29.3%).
Additionally, Northern Trust shows that during the second quarter, the median U.S. equity program returned 4.3%. International equities also had a robust quarter, returning 4.5%. In the alternative sector, private equity returned 4.2% in the quarter and real estate netted 3.3%. The fixed income sector returned 2.5%.
Corporate ERISA plans' second quarter performance was boosted by a combined 42% allocation to both international and U.S. equity markets. With public market returns performing so well over the last five years, Frieske says it is not surprising that corporate ERISA plans and public funds are outperforming foundations and endowments over that time period, given foundations' and endowments' heavier weighting towards alternatives.
The highest returning asset segment was mid-cap value, up 5.6%, while core fixed income was up a more modest 2%. At the larger end of the market-capitalization spectrum, growth beat value but at the mid- and small-cap end, value outpaced growth. Declining rates favored longer-duration over shorter bonds and higher risk high-yield and emerging market debt were the best of the best in fixed income.
Longer-term returns as of June 30 were:
- ERISA: 17% (one-year), 10.5% (three-year), 13.4% (five-year);
- Public funds: 17.1% (one-year), 10.2% (three-year), 13.4% (five-year); and
- Foundations and endowments: 15.8% (one-year), 9.2% (three-year), 11.9% (five-year).
The Northern Trust Universe tracks the performance of about 300 large U.S. institutional investment plans, with a combined asset value of approximately $899 billion, which subscribe to Northern Trust performance measurement services.
Northern Trust Corporation is a provider of investment management, asset and fund administration, banking solutions and fiduciary services for corporations, institutions and affluent individuals worldwide.
More information about the firm is available at http://www.northerntrust.com.