Many Americans Unprepared for Unexpected Retirement Events

February 16, 2011 ( – Americans may not be preparing for the unexpected events that may interfere with their retirement plans, according to a new MetLife Mature Market Institute study. 

A news release said the study classifies the various types of retirement planners and gives examples of the most successful among them – the “Preemptive Planners” are prepared for the unanticipated scenarios that may come their way, like having to retire early because of health issues or the loss of a job, retiring late for financial reasons and other factors like tenuous health care coverage, long-term care costs, vanishing defined-benefit plans and the vagaries of the stock market. 

“We found that actively preparing for the surprises that inevitably come our way is the most successful approach to retirement,” said Sandra Timmermann, director of the MetLife Mature Market Institute, in the news release. “Knowing you will have guaranteed income sources available and access to emergency funds is key.  To maximize income in retirement while maintaining liquidity, consider options beyond low-yielding savings accounts.  Some annuity and home equity products enable you to have access to cash while optimizing returns at the same time.  Ultimately, the capacity to withstand the unexpected is dependent on the ability of people to imagine, anticipate and prepare for the circumstances that are often beyond their control.”

On average, MetLife said survey respondents dedicated 15 hours in the past six months gathering information or planning for retirement and one in five spent no time on planning.  Saving stood out as the most common item among survey respondents as “the one thing” they would do differently; many would start saving earlier (29%), some would save or invest more (12%), and others would make better investments (4%).  

Only two in ten respondents report that they are very confident they will have enough money to live comfortably if they or their spouses/partners live to 85+ years of age, and another six in ten (58%) are only somewhat confident, the survey found. The remaining 22% are not confident in their retirement security.  More than two-thirds (68%) of those who did feel at least somewhat confident about a comfortable standard of living and a long life identified a guaranteed stream of income as a reason for their confidence, followed by 51% who identified sufficient savings as contributing to their confidence.

Produced in conjunction with the Scripps Gerontology Center at Miami University, the survey was based on in-depth personal interviews with 50 pre- and post-retiree, couples and individuals, and a nationally representative online survey of 1,007 respondents age 50-70.

The research report is at .

10 Financial Saver Types  

The MetLife study found that when it comes to finances, there are ten types of people:

  • Snoozers who don't think about future risks at all.  Future risks are not on their radar screens.
  • Active Resisters who "choose to snooze," or choose to ignore information about future risks.
  • Immobilized Worriers who understand future risks, but whose worry prevents them from acting.
  • Oversleepers who are late in their thinking and planning and may regard their decision or action windows as "come and gone."
  • Wood Knockers who think about the unexpected but rely on hope; they choose optimism.  Somehow, things will "work out."
  • Plan B-ers who hold on to a contingency plan, or the loose idea of one, as a protection against trouble ahead.  A Plan B may be a "plan" in name only.
  • Realists who use the lessons of past experience to think about the future.
  • Stewers and Brewers who take a while to make decisions.  Stewers may fuss and fret, while Brewers play with ideas and planning strategies.   
  • Compromisers who think about both today and tomorrow and balance their current needs against
    future risks.
  • Preemptive Planners who strive to preempt future risks, or at least their consequences.