“We’ve had good participation [in our 401(k) plan], and we have people enrolling at a pretty good deferral rate above what we match, so we weren’t interested in implementing auto-enrollment,” Sonja Kellen, Microsoft’s director of global retirement, based in Redmond, Washington, tells PLANSPONSOR. “But one of things we like about auto-enrollment is that it incentivizes savings behavior regardless of whether there’s a company match. It’s an indication of what employees should do.”
One issue Microsoft noted was how long it took new employees to enroll in the plan. Kellen adds that Microsoft’s goal was not only to drive optimization of benefits use, but to get more employees into the plan’s target-date funds to improve investment diversification.
At the same time Microsoft was contemplating its issues, Fidelity Investments was considering how to make plan enrollment easier for participants because it was hearing that employees had no idea how much to save or how to invest, and that employees wanted an easy enrollment they could do on a tablet or over the phone, according to Suzanne Howard, Fidelity’s vice president of 401(k) management, based in Covington, Kentucky.
So the two got together—the provider and its client—to develop a tool that would solve these issues.
The result was EasyEnroll, an enrollment experience that allows employees to enroll in their workplace retirement plan with just two clicks. “It was a true collaboration,” Howard says. “Sonja’s team was with us from the concept. Microsoft helped develop the idea, used a research panel, worked with us on the prototype, and was the test client for EasyEnroll.”
Embedded on Fidelity’s NetBenefits site for plan participants, when employees access EasyEnroll, they are presented with three packages created by the provider and employer. For example, employees may be presented with an 8%, 10%, and 12% deferral rate, each of which includes enrollment in an automatic deferral increase feature and enrollment in the plan’s target-date funds. The packages may be customized by the plan sponsor—automatic deferral increases and the default fund are based on the plan’s design, and plan sponsors may choose the deferral rates for each package, according to Howard. Employees click on the package they want, review it, then click again to enroll. Howard adds that employees are also given the option to go through standard enrollment if they want to choose a different deferral rate or their own investments.
Microsoft introduced EasyEnroll to its employees in May of this year. As of September 30, the company has 65,000 current employees eligible for the 401(k) plan. There are about 77,000 participants overall in the plan including active, terminated, and retired employees, and it has $12.1 billion in assets. The plan enjoys a 91% participation rate, up from 87% last year. Microsoft matches 50% of the first 6% of pay an employee puts into the plan, and participant deferrals average 8%.
Since implementation the issue of the delay in new hires enrolling has also improved. “We’ve seen a 20% increase in the number of new hires who enroll right away,” Kellen says. “Sixty percent of new enrollees are using EasyEnroll rather than standard enrollment, and most of those who opt out of EasyEnroll are doing so to elect higher savings rates, which is good.”
The simplified enrollment experience has also led to an increase in the number of employees using automatic deferral escalation. Before utilizing EasyEnroll, Microsoft allowed employees to opt in to auto-increase—which increases participant deferrals each year at the same time employees get salary increases—but the company didn’t use any campaigns to encourage use of the feature, according to Kellen. “Before EasyEnroll, about 3,300 employees used auto-increase. Now about 5,500 do,” she notes.
Microsoft has also seen greater utilization of the plan’s target-date funds (TDFs). “The TDFs were already the most popular investment option among news hires, with about half selecting them,” Kellen says. “Since the launch of EasyEnroll, the percent of plan assets in TDFs increased from about 15% to 16%. Looking at the number of participant, about 2,500 more are using the TDFs.”
Going forward, Microsoft plans to experiment with the findings of the research and testing that went into developing an easier enrollment system. According to Howard, they did extensive research and testing to ensure participants would not only be able to move through the enrollment experience, but tested the behavior of employees and whether, when presented with higher savings rates, they would accept them.
With its EasyEnroll launch in May, Microsoft presented employees with packages based on 6%, 8% and 10% deferral rates. Kellen says the company just changed the package rates to 8%, 10% and 12% to see if that will improve overall savings rates or if it will lead more employees to choose standard enrollment. "We think they will still use the easier enrollment,” she says.