Average allocations to alternatives exceed 18% and are expected to exceed 22% by 2010, the study found, according to a press release. Respondents said a 20% to 30% allocation to alternatives is “about right,” although among endowments and foundations, more than half think the allocation should be higher. “This group of investors is clearly leading the way in alternative investing with allocations accounting for over a third of portfolio assets by 2010,” the release said.
According to JPMorgan, with recent and anticipated regulatory and accounting changes, corporate plans are focused on controlling funded status volatility by increasing fixed income allocations and significantly extending durations. These plans have the lowest average total alternative allocations (13%), anticipated to grow to 15% by 2010.
Public funds are currently more active in alternatives than their corporate plans. Their participation rate with respect to absolute return/hedge funds has increased approximately four-fold (to 43% of plans invested) since the survey in 2004. Public funds also show strong growth in private equity and green/sustainable investing.
The survey found the need to enhance and diversify returns drives growth. Growth in average allocations is expected across all major alternative asset classes, with absolute return/hedge funds and private equity growing the fastest.
Expected growth based on survey findings includes:
- Hedge funds/absolute return: These strategies will account for approximately 40% of net inflows into alternatives through 2010.
- Private equity: Growth will be strong, led by 62% of current investors planning to increase allocations, the highest percentage across all alternative asset classes.
- Real assets/real estate: This mainstream portfolio component will experience more modest growth.
Investors are emphasizing diversification within their alternative portfolios among various established and new types of alternative strategies, as well as across geographic regions. JPMorgan said it expects to see real assets/infrastructure's relatively small investor base more than double over the next three years.
The company said the green/sustainable asset class showed surprising strength and is of particular interest to public funds. Among all alternative asset classes, real estate features the most pronounced preference for non-U.S. assets.
The survey was conducted for JPMorgan Asset Management by Greenwich Associates, primarily via confidential phone interviews with 191 major institutions (76 Corporate Plans, 50 Public Funds, 56 Endowments and Foundations and 9 Taft Hartley plans) active in alternative investments during the first quarter of 2008.
A copy of the summary report can be found at www.jpmorgan.com/insight .