Collectively, health savings accounts (HSAs) and health reimbursement arrangements (HRAs) are known as “consumer-driven” health plans. According to the latest EBRI/MGA Consumer Engagement in Health Care Survey, there were $12.4 billion in HSAs and HRAs, spread across 8.4 million accounts in 2011. This is up from 2006, when there were 1.3 million accounts with $873.4 million in assets, and 2010, when 5.4 million accounts held $7.3 billion in assets. This growth reflects the increasing number of employers that offer these account-based health plans.
The EBRI survey found that about two-thirds of workers with an HRA or HSA reported their employer contributed to their account in 2011, a level that has remained steady since 2006. However, employer contribution levels have declined for some enrollees.
Specifically, for those with employee-only coverage in these plans, annual contributions from their employer have fallen since 2008; the percentage reporting that their employer contributed $1,000 or more to the account dropped from 37% in 2008 to 24% in 2011. Employer contributions of $1,000 or more to those with family coverage remained steady at 64%, EBRI found.
By contrast, individuals’ contributions to HSA plans have increased. The percentage contributing $1,500 or more increased from 21% in 2006 to 44% in 2011.
“This may be due to the continued weak economy. Workers with employee-only coverage continued to respond by increasing their own contributions,” said Paul Fronstin, director of EBRI’s Health Research and Education Program, and author of the report. “Generally, lower-income individuals did not increase their contributions, whereas higher-income individuals did.”
The full report is published in the February 2011 EBRI Notes, “Employer and Worker Contributions to Health Savings Accounts and Health Reimbursement Arrangements, 2006‒2011,” available at www.ebri.org.