The estimated aggregate funding level of pension plans sponsored by S&P 1500 companies increased by 1% in September to 92%, as a result of an increase in discount rates and an increase in equity markets, according to Mercer.
As of September 30, the estimated aggregate deficit of $171 billion decreased by $18 billion compared to $189 billion measured at the end of August. The S&P 500 index increased 0.4% and the MSCI EAFE index increased 0.6% in September. Typical discount rates for pension plans as measured by the Mercer Yield Curve increased by 9 basis points to 4.20%.
“Pension funded status again reached new highs in September, as an uptick in discount rates added fuel to already rising equity markets,” says Matt McDaniel, a partner is Mercer’s US Wealth business. “With the bull market about to reach its 10th anniversary, plan sponsors are now wondering ‘when’, not ‘if’, a correction will occur. Time may be running short to evaluate whether current risk management policies will be able to protect funded status when the inevitable pullback occurs.”
According to Wilshire Consulting, the aggregate funded ratio for U.S. corporate pension plans increased by 0.9 percentage points to end the month of September at 91.5%, up 7.2 percentage points over the trailing twelve months. Wilshire’s aggregate figures represent an estimate of the combined assets and liabilities of corporate pension plans sponsored by S&P 500 companies with a duration in-line with the FTSE Pension Liability Index – Intermediate.
The monthly change in funding resulted from a 1.6% decrease in liability values partially offset by a 0.6% decrease in asset values. The aggregate funded ratio is up 2.0 and 6.9 percentage points for the quarter and year-to-date, respectively.
Ned McGuire, managing director and a member of the Pension Risk Solutions Group of Wilshire Consulting, says, “September’s 0.9 percentage point increase in funding brings the aggregate funded ratio to a high point for the year for the third consecutive month and is the second highest since the end of November 2013.”
Northern Trust Asset Management reports that during the month of September, the average funded ratio for S&P 500 corporations with pension plans rose to another multi-year high at 90.7%. This was primarily driven by:
Higher discount rates: Average discount rate increased from 3.82% to 3.92% during the month, and
Positive returns in return-seeking assets: Global equity markets were up approximately 0.4% during the month.
October Three’s traditional Plan A improved for the sixth straight month—up less than 1% in September and now ahead almost 9% for the year, while the more conservative Plan B was flat last month but remains up almost 2% year-to-date. Plan A is a traditional plan (duration 12 at 5.5%) with a 60/40 asset allocation, while Plan B is a largely retired plan (duration 9 at 5.5%) with a 20/80 allocation with a greater emphasis on corporate and long-duration bonds.
October Three’s report says Congress passed a budget in 2015 that includes a third round of pension funding relief since 2012. The persistence of historically low interest rates, however, means that pension sponsors that have only made required contributions will see contributions ramp up in the next few years as the impact of relief fades (barring an increase in long-term rates). It also states that discount rates rose last month, and the firm expects most pension sponsors will use effective discount rates in the 4.0% to 4.4% range to measure pension liabilities right now.
For the quarter
Barrow, Hanley, Mewhinney & Strauss, a value-oriented investment manager, estimated that the corporate pension plan funded ratio rose to 90.5% as of September 30, from 88.4% as of June 30. It says assets returns drove the increase; liabilities were unchanged during the quarter.
The Barrow Hanley report highlights differences in funded ratio by industry.Legal & General Investment Management America, Inc. (LGIMA) announced in its Pension Fiscal Fitness Monitor, a quarterly estimate of the change in health of a typical U.S. corporate defined benefit pension plan, that pension funding ratios rose over the third quarter of 2018. LGIMA estimates the average funding ratio rose from 89.7% to 91.5% over the quarter based on market movements. LGIMA also anticipates further funding ratio gains from tax reform-driven plan sponsor contributions, which will be disclosed in company filings in the coming months.