Fees only become prominent when fund sponsors advance in their selection process, often becoming a point of contention after management hiring occurs, the 2004 Investment Management Fee Survey, conducted by Callan Associates, asserted. Fund sponsors negotiate such fees with two-thirds of their managers, according to a Callan press release. Unlike four years ago, when a similar survey was conducted, all types of funds – corporate, endowment/foundation, multi-employer and public – attempt such negotiations.
The survey also tells the story of other interesting trends regarding fees in the investment world. On the issue of fee payment, one-third of respondent reported that they calculate fees based on an average of month-end values. The remaining respondents reported that they calculate fees based on values at the end of each quarter.
The use of performance fees seem to be on the rise, as well. Sixty percent of investment managers and 30% of fund sponsors claim that they use performance fees, compared with only 37% and 12% in 2000. Published fee schedules show that the percentage paid to performance fees is on the rise, according to the survey.
The fees paid however, may not be as exorbitant when the breakdown of costs is considered for investment managers. Fifty percent of fees collected are used to cover the base costs of the investment manager, while less than one quarter is used for bonuses. The remaining money, somewhere between one-third and one-quarter, can be claimed as profit.
Comparing fees to those noted in 2000, Callan found that the gap between published and actual fees for many asset classes has widened. Published fees have risen by 10%-20% on average, while actual fees have declined by approximately 5%. Factors that affect this gap are where the product falls on the capital market line, the maturity of the asset class, and the supply and demand forces in existence, according to Callan.
Fund sponsors noted that one of the biggest issues regarding fees was the value added to their portfolio by the body receiving the fees. Other issues noted were the use of most favored nations clauses, manager focus on the portfolio versus the bottom line, and fee transparency. On the other end, investment managers noted that their biggest issues were margin pressure, expanding distribution channels, performance-based fees ability to fund a long term business, and the use of most favored nation’s clauses.
The survey, which reports on fee payment practices, uses, and trends for US institutional investors, incorporated responses from 166 fund sponsors and 134 investment managers.