In examining trends between 1979 and1998, the report, titled How the New Labor Market Is Squeezing Workforce Health Benefits, by the Center for National Policy, points out that:
- two-thirds of private-sector workers had health coverage through their employers in 1979,
- compared to just over half in1998
The decline was sharpest for those earning the least, with rates of own-employer coverage falling from 42% to 26% for workers in the lowest 20% of the wage scale, specifically:
- the proportion of blue-collar employees receiving coverage through their own jobs fell from 63% to 43% over the period,
- for white-collar workers, the number fell from 69% to 60%,
- only 25% of workers earning less than $7.00 per hour had health benefits from their own employer in 1998,
- compared with 80% of the top 20% of wage-earners received coverage.
Employees are now also more likely to pay a portion of their premiums. While 45% of employers paid the full share of premiums in 1983, only 26% did so in 1998.