At issue is whether the teacher falls under the ministerial exception in the Americans with Disabilities Act which blocks government intrusion in the employment decisions between religious institutions and ministerial workers. CNN reports that Cheryl Perich was considered by the Hosanna-Tabor Evangelical Lutheran Church and School to be a “called” employee who had completed a formal colloquy, receiving a certificate of admission into the teaching ministry.
Those parochial instructors are hired on an open-ended basis and cannot be summarily dismissed without proper justification, the news report explained. Assigned to third and fourth grades, Perich led instruction in math, language arts, social studies, gym and music, with much of the curriculum identical to the local public schools. But, she also taught a religion class four days a week, and engaged in daily prayers and devotionals with her students – activities that typically took up about 45 minutes of the seven-hour school day – and she led chapel services with her class twice a year, on a rotation basis with other instructors.
According to CNN, Perich went on medical leave for narcolepsy in 2004, and when she tried to return, school officials said a substitute had been hired to complete the school year. After weeks of discussions between Perich and the school, she was fired for insubordination and “regrettable” conduct toward church leaders.
Perich complained to the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, which then sued the church on her behalf. The 6th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals eventually ruled for Perich, saying her primary duties as a teacher were not religious in nature.
“[T]he intent of the ministerial exception is to allow religious organizations to prefer members of their own religion and adhere to their own religious interpretations. Thus, applying the exception to non-members of the religion and those whose primary function is not religious in nature would be both illogical and contrary to the intention behind the exception,” the appellate court said.