The US Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) also advised in the new release www.osha.gov/OshDoc/data_AvianFlu/avian_flu_guidance_english.pdf that those who work with infected animals or individuals should have proper respiratory protection.
“We encourage employers and employees who are most
likely to be exposed to avian flu to take the appropriate
precautions,” said OSHA Administrator Ed Foulke. “This
guidance offers them practical tips, such as hand washing
and the use of proper protective equipment, for
According to the OSHA document, w ild birds, particularly waterfowl, are natural hosts of avian flu viruses and often show no symptoms; however, some of the viruses can cause high mortality in poultry, including the H5N1 virus. Some strains of avian flu viruses carried by these wild birds can infect domestic fowl and in turn can infect humans, causing fever, cough, sore throat, eye infections and muscle pain, the government said.
Avian flu can also lead to pneumonia, acute
respiratory distress, and other severe and
life-threatening complications. The most common route
of transmission to humans is by contact with
The new document updates guidance on avian flu issued by OSHA in 2004 and provides separate recommendations for poultry employees and those who handle other animals and for laboratory employees, health care personnel, food handlers, travelers, and US employees stationed abroad.
The guidance also includes links to helpful Web sites with additional information, and a list of technical articles and resources, including a history on flu pandemics, symptoms and outcomes of various strains of the avian flu, a summary of the bird importation regulations, and details on the transmission of the virus.
For more information on federal activities on avian flu and pandemic flu, please see
The publication, OSHA Guidance Update on Protecting Employees from Avian Flu Viruses, , is available in English and Spanish by visiting the In Focus section on the home page of OSHA’s Web site at www.osha.gov .