The proposed fiscal year 2014 budget would place a cap on retirement savings, prohibiting employees from saving more than $3 million in individual retirement accounts (IRAs) and other tax-deferred retirement accounts. Analyses from the Employee Benefit Research Institute suggest that up to 5% of retirement plan participants could be affected by this cap (see “SavingsCaps Could Affect 5% of Participants”).
“I don’t think it would have any impact on the bigger companies,” Richard Del Monte, president of Del Monte Group LLC, told PLANSPONSOR. “They just adjust and move forward.”
He said, however, the impact on small businesses could be significant. Dentists and doctors with a staff of five people or fewer, for example, may stop offering a retirement plan altogether if the proposal passes, because their personal deductibility—which Del Monte said is huge for them—would be affected.
The proposed budget could mean that small-business employees will lose out on the opportunity to save at work, as well as contributions the owner would have made on the employee’s behalf to pass nondiscrimination rules, said Brian H. Graff, executive director and CEO of the American Society of Pension Professionals & Actuaries (ASPPA) (see “Budget Proposals for RetirementSavings—A Deterrent or Not?”).
As a result in a loss of benefits, employers could lose highly skilled workers to other companies with a more competitive offering, Del Monte added.
But some sources like Lee Topley, managing director of Unified Trust, do not think the budget provisions would encourage job switching because these restrictions would be everywhere. He thinks the $3 million cap will only affect a small percentage of participants, but it is too early in the proposal to make definitive conclusions.
Administrative Burden on Sponsors, Advisers
The bigger potential problem with the $3 million cap, Topley said, is that it could burden advisers and sponsors alike with administrative hassles related to monitoring IRAs outside of a participant’s current plan.
If this burden falls on the plan sponsor, it could ultimately increase the cost of offering a defined contribution plan because of the added administrative expense, he said. “So I think there could be a negative impact [on sponsors],” Topley said. “It is going to add another level of complexity to what the adviser is doing, as well.”
Rather than placing a $3 million cap on IRAs and other tax-deferred retirement savings, Del Monte suggests eliminating the stretch provision in pensions for non-spouse beneficiaries. Instead of allowing these beneficiaries to take distributions from the inherited IRAs over their lifetime, the government could require them to take out the money within five years.
The $3 million cap proposal is flawed, Del Monte contends, because tracking down every IRA and the amount in it is difficult. “People have balances all over the place,” he said. “I really can’t imagine it would ever get enacted.”