Mercer Investment Consulting said in a news release about its 2004 Financial Management of Multinational Retirement Plans Survey that most respondents already have shifted or are moving decisively toward a more global perspective.
Cutting both costs and risk along with increased focus on plan governance at a global level are the forces driving this trend, despite country differences in local legislation, culture, reporting, operating environments, valuation methodologies, and product availability.
The underpinning of most cross-border plan-governance programs is a series of committees divided according to function – for example, benefits, funding, accounting, investments, and governance. Very few multinationals create such committees at a global or pan-regional level.
“Multinationals are rising to the challenge of managing retirement plans on a cross-border basis,” says Stacy Scapino, head of Mercer IC’s multinational investment consulting services. “The primary drivers toward implementing a cross-border management framework are governance and risk and cost control.”
The shift toward global influence is clearest with regard to funding decisions. The movement toward global funding policies over the past two years has been swift and decisive. In 2004, 61% of respondents indicated that they have some form of global funding policy and 11% of respondents have no funding policies.
There is a strong trend toward more global corporate oversight and implementation of global plan-governance principles. This development shouldn’t come as a surprise in light of changes in regulatory tenor, particularly in the US, where regulatory scrutiny has dramatically increased.Fifty-five percent of respondents have global governance policies in place, with 77% expecting to implement them by 2006.
Despite a general global shift toward defined contribution plans, few multinationals have an explicitly stated preference for establishing only DC plans. Most prefer an approach that ensures benefits are locally competitive to attract and retain the right employees while controlling costs.
Among the 130 multinational respondents in the survey, 52% are headquartered in the US, 17% in Ireland/Continental Europe, 13% in the UK, and 9% in Canada. The remaining 9% of respondents are headquartered in South Africa, Australia, and Asia.